48th Annual Spring Lecture Series
Transport, Mixing and Fluids
May 5  7, 2023 (7:30 am  6:00 pm CDT)
Please register here! Partial travel funding for participants will be supported by a grant from the NSF.
This conference is in Cooperation with AWM and supports the Welcoming Environment Statement of the Association for Women in Mathematics.
Principal Speaker: Anna Mazzucato
Professor of Mathematics and Distinguished Senior Scholar of Penn State UniversityPublic Lecture  Mathematical Models: a World of Insight
May 5, 2023 (6:00 pm CDT)
Public Lecturer: Lisette de Pillis
Norman F. Sprague Professor of Life Sciences and Professor of Mathematics, Harvey Mudd CollegeNote: No registration is necessary for the public lecture.
Women in Mathematics Panel
Friday, May 5, 2023 (5:15pm CDT)
Invited Speakers
Alexey Cheskidov (University of IllinoisChicago)
Theodore Drivas (Stony Brook University)
Zoran Grujić (University of Virginia)
Siming He (University of South Carolina)
Weiwei Hu (University of Georgia)
Gautam Iyer (CarnegieMelon University)
Cecilia Mondaini (Drexel University)
Sam PunshonSmith (Tulane University)
Christian Seis (University of Münster)
Andrej Zlatoš (University of California San Diego)
Organizers
Ariel Barton (aeb019@uark.edu)
Associate Professor of Mathematical Sciences, University of ArkansasZachary Bradshaw (zb002@uark.edu)
Associate Professor of Mathematical Sciences, University of ArkansasSchedule of Talks
All talks will be in the Donald W. Reynolds Center Auditorium, 145 N Buchanan Ave, Fayetteville, AR 72701
Participants may also join remotely using the following Zoom link: https://uark.zoom.us/j/81382171116?pwd=NWlZVkFiYVkzeEdTMlhITy9Db3k4UT09
Friday, May 5th 
Saturday, May 6th

Sunday, May 7th


8:00  Registration—Coffee/Tea  8:00  Coffee/Tea  
8:15  Coffee/Tea  
8:25  Opening remarks  8:25  Andrej Zlatoš  
8:40  Weiwei Hu  8:40  Christian Seis  
9:20  Anna Mazzucato  
9:35  Anna Mazzucato  9:35  Anna Mazzucato  
10:50  Gautam Iyer  
11:05  Cecilia Mondaini  11:05  Siming He  
1:30  Zoran Grujic  1:30  Theodore Drivas  
2:25  Anna Mazzucato  2:25  Anna Mazzucato  
3:45  Alexey Cheskidov  3:45  Sam PunshonSmith  
5:15  Women in Mathematics panel  4:55  Short graduate student talks  
6:00  Public lecture  7:00  Banquet 
Abstracts of Talks
Alexey Cheskidov, University of IllinoisChicago
Title: Turbulent solutions of fluid equations
Abstract: In the past couple of decades, mathematical fluid dynamics has been highlighted by numerous constructions of solutions to fluid equations that exhibit pathological or wild behavior. These include the loss of the energy balance, nonuniqueness, singularity formation, and dissipation anomaly. Interesting from the mathematical point of view, providing counterexamples to various wellposedness results in supercritical spaces, such constructions are becoming more and more relevant from the physical point of view as well. Indeed, a fundamental physical property of turbulent flows is the existence of the energy cascade. Conjectured by Kolmogorov, it has been observed both experimentally and numerically, but had been difficult to produce analytically. In this talk I will overview new developments in discovering not only pathological mathematically, but also physically realistic solutions of fluid equations.
Theodore Drivas, Stony Brook University
Title: Irreversible features of the 2D Euler equations
Abstract: We will discuss aspects of the long term dynamics of 2d perfect fluids. As an application of a certain stability of twisting for general hamiltonian flows, we will show generic loss of smoothness near stable steady states, the existence of many wandering points, aging of the Lagrangian flow, along with other examples of complex behavior such as indefinite perimeter growth for special vortex patches.
Zoran Grujić, University of Virginia
Title: On criticality of the NavierStokes diffusion
Abstract: The main purpose of this talk is to present a mathematical evidence of criticality of the NavierStokes diffusion. In particular, considering a plausible candidate for a finite time blowup, a twoparameter family of the dynamically rescaled profiles, we show that as soon as the hyperdiffusion exponent is greater than one, a new region in the parameter space (completely in the supercritical regime) is ruled out. As a matter of fact, the region is a neighborhood (in the parameter space) of the selfsimilar profile, i.e., the ‘approximately selfsimilar’ blowup is ruled out for all hyperdiffusive models.
Siming He, University of South Carolina
Title: Enhanced dissipation and blowup suppression in a chemotaxisfluid system
Abstract: In this talk, we will present a coupled PatlakKellerSegelNavierStokes (PKSNS) system that models chemotaxis phenomena in the fluid. The system exhibits critical threshold phenomena. For example, if the total population of the cell density is less than 8π, then the solutions exist globally in time. Moreover, finite time blowup solutions exist if this population constraint is violated. We further show that globally regular solutions with arbitrary large cell populations exist. The primary blowup suppression mechanism is the shear flow mixing induced enhanced dissipation phenomena.
Weiwei Hu, University of Georgia
Title: Control Design for Optimal Mixing via Flow Advection
Abstract: The question of what velocity fields effectively enhance or prevent transport and mixing, or steer a scalar field to the desired distribution, is of great interest and fundamental importance to the fluid mechanics community. In this talk, we mainly discuss the problem of optimal mixing of an inhomogeneous distribution of a scalar field via active control of the flow velocity, governed by the Stokes or the NavierStokes equations. Specifically, we consider that the velocity field is steered by a control input that acts tangentially on the boundary of the domain through the Navier slip boundary conditions. This is motivated by mixing within a cavity or vessel by rotating or moving walls. Our main objective is to design a Navier slip boundary control for achieving optimal mixing. Nondissipative scalars governed by the transport equation will be our main focus. In the absence of molecular diffusion, mixing is purely determined by the flow advection. This essentially leads to a nonlinear control and optimization problem. A rigorous proof of the existence of an optimal control and the firstorder necessary conditions for optimality will be addressed. Moreover, a feedback law (suboptimal) will be also constructed based on interpolation of the optimality conditions. Finally, numerical experiments will be presented to demonstrate our ideas and control designs.
Gautam Iyer, CarnegieMelon University
Title: Enhanced Dissipation and Mixing
Abstract: In many systems where convection and diffusion are both present, they work together and enhance energy dissipation. I will talk about how enhanced dissipation can be used to control certain nonlinear effects, and how enhanced dissipation can be quantified using both deterministic and probabilistic techniques.
Cecilia Mondaini, Drexel University
Title: Longtime statistics of SPDEs: mixing and numerical approximation
Abstract: In analyzing complex systems modeled by stochastic partial differential equations (SPDEs), such as certain turbulent fluid flows, an important question concerns their longtime behavior. In particular, one is typically interested in determining how long it takes for the system to settle into statistical equilibrium, and in investigating efficient numerical schemes for approximating such longtime statistics. In this talk, I will present two general results in this direction, and illustrate them with an application to the 2D stochastic NavierStokes equations. Most importantly, our approach does not require gradient bounds for the underlying Markov semigroup as in previous works, and thus provides a flexible formulation for further applications. This is based on joint work with Nathan GlattHoltz (Tulane U).
Sam PunshonSmith, Tulane University
Title: Advection diffusion by Markovian velocity fields: chaos, mixing and norm equivalence of decay rates
Abstract: In this talk I will survey several results on the mixing and decay properties of passive scalars advected by ergodic Markovian velocity fields including, but not limited to, the stochastic NavierStokes equations in 2D. As a general principle, when such a velocity field is sufficiently regular and nondegenerate (in the sense that it explores a large enough set of velocity fields) then one should expect the corresponding Lagrangian flow to be both chaotic (has a positive Lyapunov exponent) and exponentially mixing. In addition, the mixing rate will be stable under the addition of diffusion, despite being a singular perturbation of the associated scalar equation. I will explain a general framework using rigidity of group actions and spectral properties of certain Markov semigroups where this principle can be rigorously verified in the case of stochastically forced fluids as well as in the case of random alternating shears (Pierrehumbert flow). I will then present a general condition under which the asymptotic decay rates for a compact linear evolution are norm independent. Applying this to the advection diffusion equation implies that the asymptotic decay rates are independent of the norm used to measure decay (i.e. H^{2}, L^{2}, H^{1}). Therefore upper and lower bounds on the decay rates in one norm (e.g. mixing) immediately implies bounds on the decay rates in any other norm. This work is joint with Jacob Bedrossian and Alex Blumenthal.
Christian Seis, University of Münster
Title: Mixing by randomly driven vortices
Abstract: We consider passive scalar transport in a twodimensional domain in the case where the velocity is generated by a randomly moving vortex. Using purely Eulerian arguments, we prove that the velocity field is exponentially mixing. Moreover, in the presence of diffusion, we show enhanced dissipation at a rate that is independent of the diffusivity constant. This is joint work with Víctor NavarroFernández and André Schlichting.
Andrej Zlatoš, University of California San Diego
Title: Euler equations on general planar domains
Abstract: Bounded vorticity solutions to the 2D Euler equations on singular domains are typically not close to Lipschitz near boundary singularities, which makes their uniqueness a difficult open problem. I will present a general sufficient condition on the geometry of the domain that guarantees global uniqueness for all solutions initially constant near the boundary. This condition is only slightly more restrictive than exclusion of corners with angles greater than π and, in particular, is satisfied by all convex domains. Its proof is based on showing that fluid particle trajectories for general bounded vorticity solutions cannot reach the boundary in finite time. The condition also turns out to be sharp in the latter sense: there are domains that come arbitrarily close to satisfying it and on which particle trajectories can reach the boundary in finite time. The above results also extend to signed vorticity solutions on fairly irregular domains that may even contain infinitely many corners with angles greater than π.